Jahangir Puri, Delhi

Jahangir Puri is part of the 44 JJR colonies developed by DDA under the Plan Scheme of JJ Resettlement during the period 1960 – 85. Located in north-west Delhi, it is Ward No. 21 in the Delhi Metropolitan Area and is a large slum cluster which is divided into 12 blocks. The area comprises of migrants mostly from the eastern states such as West Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. The migrants are mostly Bengali Muslims. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Bhalswa Jahangir Pur in 2011 is 1,97,148; of which male and female are 1,06,388 and 90,760 respectively. 76.5 % are Hindus while Muslims comprise 21.5% of the population. The remaining 2% comprise of other religions like Sikh, Christian, Jain, Buddhist, etc. A larger section of population belongs to dalit community in the area. The average literacy rate is 77.6%, where the average literacy rate of men is 84.21% that of women is about 70%. There are more than 5000 households in the area and most are engaged in the trade of rag-picking and daily wage earners. As the population of the area mainly comprises of migrants, no uniform language is spoken as they speak in their regional dialect. Since the migrants belong to the states of West Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, the language most commonly spoken here are Magahi, Hindi and Bangla. All the houses in the area are pakka houses which are constructed in a cramped manner leaving no space between the adjoining houses and leaving narrow streets. Although the locality has a community centre but it lacks community recreation centres and library. Public Distribution System (PDS) is available and functions systematically in each block. While the electricity here is provided by the New Delhi Power Ltd. (NDPL), the residents have access to water supplied by the Delhi Jal Board (DJB). The locality also has a DJB office. The residents have access to medical services at Babu Jagjivan Ram Hospital apart from the various private clinics available in the locality. Moreover, every block has a dispensary each. The people here are not very educated and they are mostly labourers, rag-pickers or vegetable/fruits hawkers. But the presence of government schools and by the help and initiative of the organisations working in the locality has encouraged the parents and children alike, and many children have taken up education with prospects of a better future. At present, there are 3 government schools upto senior secondary level, while every block has a primary level government school or Nagar Nigam Prathamik Vidyalaya. For higher studies children opt for colleges in Delhi University or IGNOU. This eagerness for education has helped some families and their children who now are educated/ skilled enough to secure a respectable job and support their families. This has also led to many youth from the community itself to take up the initiative of helping the other families in the community. The issues prevailing in the colony are unemployment, poverty, illiteracy, poor health and sanitation, domestic violence, child labour, female foeticide, alcoholism, drug abuse etc.

Jamui district, Bihar

Jamui, a district in the southern part of Bihar, is surrounded by the districts of Lakhisarai, Banka and Munger and Nawada. Agriculture is the main occupation and source of livelihood of the people of the district. The agricultural economy of Jamui is dependent on rainfall. A district with a population of 17,60,405 according to the 2011 census, it constitutes of 86% of Hindu population and 12% of Muslim population. The work of beedi making primarily involves the SC and Muslim OBC communities who lost their traditional source of income. Jamui has a glorious history Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of the district and also the main source of livelihood of the people. Rainfall still controls the agricultural economy of Jamui district. Jamui district presents a dismal picture of industry. There is no big industry.Small scale industries privately owned in tiny sector are found here. Jamui is a small sized district and ranks 28th in the state in order of population. The population of males and females are 9,16,064 and 8,44,341 spread over 3.3 percent area of the State. The population of the Jamui district during 2011 was 1,760,405. Hindus constitute 86.67 percent (1,525,746 persons) of the population in the district followed by Muslims 12.36 percent (217,621 persons). The proportion of the Scheduled Castes in the district of Jamui was 242,710 according to 2001 Census. Numerically the five most prominent SCs in the district were (i) Musahar (85,140) (ii) Chamar, Mochi (71,909) (iii) Dusadh, Dhari, (44,599) (iv) Dhobi (11,351) and (v) Pasi (10,177) while Musahar constituted the maximum proportion of the Scheduled Castes population , the percentage being 35.1 (more than one third of the total SC population). Jamui is one of the prominent manufacturers of Beedi industry in Bihar.